Chenoa Waterfowl
Waterfowl Sustainability through Education,
Accumulation, Propagation, and Dissemination
Waterfowl of Chenoa:
The Facility
Waterfowl Sales
Waterfowl Education
Chenoa Sales and Shipping
Information
Ducks of the World
Chenoa Price and Availability
Duck List
Shelducks of the World
Chenoa Price and Availability
Shelduck List
True Geese of the World:
The Anser Species
Chenoa Price and Availability
True Goose List
True Geese of the World:
The Branta Species
Fowl Ideas for the Aviculturist
Includes Material Lists and Construction Plans

Ducks of the World

Ducks belong to the sub family Anatinae. Not only is this grouping the largest group of waterfowl it is also the most diverse. The characteristics generally held in common by ducks when compared to geese and swans are the small body size, shorter necks, narrower wings which are more pointed, and wing beats which are more rapid.

Frequently the males and females are colored differently with the male having the brighter plumage of the two. There are two body molts per molting cycle. The most significant is the eclipse which is the cycle that takes place during the end of the breeding season that results in males and females looking almost identical. Another characteristic is the speculum which is produced by the bright metallic feathering of the secondary feathers. There are also voice differences between the male and the female. The female incubates and rears the young. More information can be found from the sources in the reference list at the bottom of this web page.

The species/sub species of ducks featured on this site were residents of Waterfowl of Chenoa when photographed unless otherwise noted. By clicking on the common name of a duck in the table below you will be taken immediately to the photograph of that duck and to information related to it. To make a leisurely pass through the web page, scroll below the species list to the African Black Duck to start the excursion.

Duck

Species/Sub Species

Scientific Name
Dabbling
African Black Duck Anas sparsa sparsa

American Black Duck Anas rubripes

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos

Mottled Duck (Gulf) Anas fulvigula

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Perching
Mandarin - Normal Aix galericulata

Mandarin - White or Blond

Maned Goose Chenonetta jubata

Muscovy Cairina moschata

Wood Duck - Normal Aix sponsa

Wood Duck - Silver

Wood Duck - White or Blond
Pintail
Northern Pintail Anas acuta acuta
Pochard
Canvasback Aythya valisineria

Ferruginous White-eyed Aythya nyroca

Red-crested Netta rufina

Redhead Aythya americana

Ring-necked Aythya collaris

Rosy-billed Netta peposaca
Teal
Cape Teal Anas capensis

Chestnut-breasted Teal Anas castanea

Chilean Teal Anas flavirostris

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera

Green-winged Teal Anas crecca

Laysan Teal Anas platyrhyncos laysanensis

Marble Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris

Ringed Teal Callonetta leucophrys
Whistling
Black Bellied Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis

Fulvous Duck Dendrocygna bicolor
Widgeon
Chiloe Widgeon Anas sibilatrix

Eurasian Widgeon Anas penelope

Dabbling Ducks

South African Black Duck
Scientific Name: Anas sparsa sparsa

SOUTH AFRICAN BLACK DUCK

Look For Male and female plumage similar, charcoal gray color with white splotches, female usually smaller than male, very shy often sitting quietly in heavy vegetation
Nesting Area Areas above sea level, near streams, wooded areas
Wintering Area Warmer districts of South Africa
Nest Site A scooped out spot on the ground near thick vegetation
Initial Nest During spring-summer of second year
When July to February in South Africa, January to march at Chenoa
Clutch Size 5 to 12 creamy eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 days

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American Black
Scientific Name: Anas rubripes

AMERICAN BLACK

Look For Mallard-size, mottled, dark black-brown; male and female similar; male has greener bill than female and is slightly larger
Nesting Area West coast of Hudson Bay, Labrador south to Iowa, Illinois, Ohio, and North Carolina
Wintering Area Wisconsin south to northern Florida and central Texas
Nest Site Ground boxes, weeded areas; not guarded by male
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When April until June in the nesting area and at Chenoa
Clutch Size 10 to 12 eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 days

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Mallard
Scientific Name: Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos

MALLARD

Look For Male has metallic green head and neck separated from the purplish-brown breast by a white ring; females are mottled, buffy-brown in color with a pale eye-brow and a dark stripe through the eye
Nesting Area Throughout the Northern Hemisphere in places where climatic conditions are not too severe
Wintering Area Almost to the Tropic of Cancer and in Africa as far south as South Africa
Nest Site Ground boxes, weeded areas where the nest is concealed beneath the undergrowth, usually near water; not guarded by male
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When April until June in the nesting area and at Chenoa
Clutch Size 10 to 12 buffish-green eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 days

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Mottled Duck
Scientific Name: Anas fulvigula

MOTTLED DUCK

Look For Male and female alike, similar to American Black duck but closer to the female Mallard, yellowish green bill and unstreaked throat
Nesting Area Florida and the Gulf coast
Wintering Area Florida and the Gulf coast
Nest Site Hidden in vegetation
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When January to March, maybe as late as August, but peaks in may and June
Clutch Size 6 to 8 creamy eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 days

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Northern Shoveler
Scientific Name: Anas clypeata

NORTHERN SHOVELER

Look For Male with green head and neck with significant white on the body, female mottled in shades of brown, comb-like structures on edge of bill
Nesting Area Western and southern Canada, Northern Europe and Asia
Wintering Area West and south United States, Europe to southern Asia
Nest Site Close to water in an open area made with grass
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When April to June
Clutch Size 10 to 12 buff eggs eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 days

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Perching Ducks

Mandarin
Scientific Name: Aix galericulata

MANDARIN

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Mandarin Mutation
White or Blond


Look For Males have triangular orange feathers over back; females are mottled light brown with eye over a white line
Nesting Area Manchuria, Northeastern China, and Japan
Wintering Area Sedentary in Japan, South of Yangtze in China
Nest Site Nests on the ground in the vegetation or in old tree nests of other species
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When April and May in nesting area and Chenoa
Clutch Size 9 to 12 eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 to 30 days

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Maned Goose
Scientific Name: Chenonetta jubata

MANED GOOSE

Look For Males with dark brown head and neck, while back, rump, tail, and belly are black, with breast and sides grayish; females head and neck are pale brown with white lines above and below the eye
Nesting Area Australia
Wintering Area Not Applicable
Nest Site Nests are in suitable tree holes
Initial Nest During spring-summer of second year
When January to March in New South Wales, but may be found at any time during the year, August to September is often the peak inland
Clutch Size 9 to 11 eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 days

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Muscovy
Scientific Name: Cairina moschata

MUSCOVY

Look For Size of small goose, mostly black with male and female colored similarly, male considerably larger than female and has a pink to red wart-like appearance to the face
Nesting Area Woodland areas of Mexico through South America except for the southern tip
Wintering Area Woodland areas of Mexico through South America except for the southern tip
Nest Site Hollow trees or on branches
Initial Nest Possibly second year
When Based on the location they might breed most any month with lesser emphasis on December and January
Clutch Size 9 to 15 white eggs
Incubation Approximately 35 days

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Wood Duck
Scientific Name: Aix sponsa

WOOD DUCK
FEMALE WOOD DUCK ON NEST

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Wood Duck Mutation
Silver

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Wood Duck Mutation
White or Blond

Look For Males with green head crest and gray sides, females are mottled, medium brown, white line runs toward eye, eye with a white circle around it
Nesting Area Virtually the entire eastern United States; has been encouraged by man-made nest boxes placed near water
Wintering Area Southern half of range
Nest Site Upright boxes and holes in trees made by natural decay or by woodpeckers; nest is loosely guarded by male when female is inside
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When Late March until June in the nesting area and at Chenoa
Clutch Size 9 to 14 eggs (two clutches at Chenoa at 10 average)
Incubation Approximately 31 to 35 days

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Pintails

Northern Pintail
Scientific Name: Anas acuta acuta

NORTHERN PINTAIL

Look For Male and female different, male with chocolate brown head and white breast with gray sides and long pointed tail, female similar to Mallard female with pointed tail and light brown head and neck
Nesting Area Northern United States and Canada, Europe through northern Asia
Wintering Area Southern United States, northern Africa and southern Asia
Nest Site Loosely constructed from dry vegetation and usually not as well hidden as most other ducks
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When Early May to possibly as late as August based on the locality
Clutch Size 7 to 9 greenish eggs
Incubation Approximately 23 days

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Pochards

Canvasback
Scientific Name: Aythya valisineria

CANVASBACK

Look For Diving duck; males have reddish brown head, light gray sides; female light brown with a mottled appearance
Nesting Area Central Alaska south to central Oregon and northern Utah, New Mexico, and southern Nebraska
Wintering Area Chesapeake Bay and San Francisco Bay
Nest Site Bulky well-concealed nest usually amongst reeds or rushes
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When Second week of May
Clutch Size 7 to 10 eggs
Incubation Approximately 23 to 29 days

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Ferruginous White-eye
Scientific Name: Aythya nyroca

FERRUGINOUS WHITE-EYED

Look For Male and female similar; male with deep chestnut head, neck and body with dark brownish back and wings, white iris; female somewhat lighter and duller with a brown iris
Nesting Area Southern Europe and Southern Russia and Asia Minor
Wintering Area Northern Africa and southern Asia
Nest Site Close to water in deep vegetation
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When May and June
Clutch Size 8 to 10 pale buff eggs
Incubation Approximately 26 days

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Red-crested
Scientific Name: Netta rufina

RED-CRESTED

Look For Diving duck; males have red head, light gray sides, neck and breast are black, bill is bright red; female has dark brown head and nape with whitish cheeks and fore-neck
Nesting Area Small numbers in Denmark, Germany, Rumania, Netherlands, and Czechoslovakia; more in France, Spain, and USSR
Wintering Area South to Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas
Nest Site On islands or in dense vegetation near water's edge and with a tunnel approach; constructed of grass and leaves
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When May and June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 6 to 14 eggs
Incubation Approximately 26 to 28 days

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Redhead
Scientific Name: Aythya americana

REDHEAD

Look For Male and female different, male with red head and neck, black chest and rump, gray back and sides; females have a light brown head and neck with a grayish-brown body; both have rounded head and a bluish bill with a black tip.
Nesting Area British Columbia to Minnesota throughout western United States as far to the south as Colorado
Wintering Area Southern United States as well as east coast
Nest Site prairie lakes and marshes
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When April and May
Clutch Size 7 to 9 eggs
Incubation Approximately 24 to 26 days

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Ring-necked
Scientific Name: Aythya collaris

RING-NECKED

Look For Diving duck; males have black head, light gray sides, white stripes on beak; female is chocolate brown, white cheeks and white at base of bill
Nesting Area Entire Northern boundary of United States to Nova Scotia, Labrador, British Columbia and Great Slave Lake
Wintering Area Entire southern United States
Nest Site Among weeds near water, ground boxes, or hole in lake bank
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When May and June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 6 to 14 eggs
Incubation Approximately 26 to 27 days

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Rosy-billed
Scientific Name: Netta peposaca

ROSY-BILLED

Look For Diving duck; male has black head, gray sides, and bright red beak; female is medium brown with bluish gray beak
Nesting Area Southern Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, and Argentina
Wintering Area Not Applicable
Nest Site Ground boxes or in tall weeds which serve as canopy to shade and hide nest
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When October until December in the nesting area, June until July at Chenoa
Clutch Size Up to 14 eggs
Incubation Approximately 23 to 25 days

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Teal

Cape Teal
Scientific Name: Anas capensis

CAPE TEAL

Look For Male and female similar, head and necks are light brown, bodies are speckled brown on tan, bills are pinkish with black at the base, males have black tertials and females have brown
Nesting Area Central to southern Africa
Wintering Area Central to southern Africa
Nest Site Depression in the ground in grass or other thick growth near water
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When March to November according to local
Clutch Size 7 to 9 creamy-brown eggs
Incubation Approximately 25 to 26 days

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Chestnut Teal
Scientific Name: Anas castanea

CHESTNUT-BREASTED TEAL

Look For Male and female different; male has green head and neck, dark back feathers with chestnut borders, breast and undersides (dark spotting) are mostly chestnut, eyes are red; females are mostly brown, head is dark and body is dark above with lower feathers bordered in brown
Nesting Area Eastern, southern, and western costal areas of Australia
Wintering Area Eastern, southern, and western costal areas of Australia
Nest Site Scrape in the ground among rushes
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When Sometimes as early as June and possibly as late as December
Clutch Size 7 - 15 creamy eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 days

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Chilean Teal
Scientific Name: Anas flavirostris

CHILEAN TEAL

Look For Male and female similar, Grayish-brown head and neck with a speckled appearance, dark brown upper feathers with tan margins, bill is yellow with a black margin, female is duller and slightly smaller
Nesting Area Chile to the southern tip of South America
Wintering Area Chile yo the southern tip of South America
Nest Site Generally on the ground, near water, and in tall vegetation
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When September to February
Clutch Size 5 to 8 buff colored eggs
Incubation Approximately 26 days

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Cinnamon Teal
Scientific Name: Anas cyanoptera

CINNAMON TEAL

Look For Male and female different; males have a deep chestnut red plumage with blue coverts; females are mottled and spotted with shades of brown and have blue coverts
Nesting Area Southern British Columbia south through western United States to northern Mexico
Wintering Area Central America northward to northern California, some spend the year round in southwestern states
Nest Site thick vegetation usually close top water
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When April through June
Clutch Size 9 to 12 eggs
Incubation Approximately 25 days

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Green-winged Teal
Scientific Name: Anas crecca

GREEN-WINGED TEAL

Look For Male and female different; males are gray with a chestnut-colored head with a green blaze extending from the eye across the side of the head; females colored similar to a female Mallard with a distinctive green speculum
Nesting Area Alaska, northwest Canada across southern Canada, and western United States
Wintering Area Southern half of United States and south through Central America
Nest Site Dry area well hidden in dense grass or under bushes
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When April to June
Clutch Size 8 to 10 creamy-white eggs
Incubation Approximately 21 days

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Laysan Teal (ENDANGERED)
Scientific Name: Anas platyrhyncos laysanensis

LAYSAN TEAL

Look For Male has dark head and neck, white ring around the eye, resembles female mallard, but more reddish-brown, green and black speculum, female similar to male with brown speculum
Nesting Area Laysan Island
Wintering Area Not Applicable
Nest Site On the ground under Chenopodium or Scaerola bushes
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When Early May until June
Clutch Size 5 to 6 eggs
Incubation Approximately 26 to 28 days

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Marble Teal
Scientific Name: Marmaronetta angustirostris

MARBLED TEAL

Look For Male and female similar, head and neck creamy with brown markings and a dark brown patch around the eye, blackish bill with female having a light patch at the base
Nesting Area Southern Spain and Morocco to Afghanistan and northwest India
Wintering Area west Africa
Nest Site On the ground near waterside vegetation, often in colonies, at times on grass roofs
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When May to July
Clutch Size 9 to 14 yellowish-white eggs
Incubation Approximately 25-27 days

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Ringed Teal
Scientific Name: Callonetta leucophrys

RINGED TEAL

Look For Male and female different; male with top of head and back of neck black; sides of head grayish-brown; beak, rump, and tail black; back is chestnut sides are gray; female is dark brown on head, neck, and back; there is a white bar above the eye an the cheeks are white; chests and sides are mottled brown
Nesting Area Central South America east of the Andes, but breeding normally in Argentina and Paraguay
Wintering Area Central South America east of the Andes
Nest Site Holes in trees
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When Probably September to December, but possibly as late as February in some locals
Clutch Size 5 to 8 eggs
Incubation Approximately 23 days

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Whistling Ducks

Black-bellied Whistling Duck
Scientific Name: Dendrocygna autumnalis

BLACK-BELLIED WHISTLING DUCK

Look For Male and female alike; head and upper neck are grey; top of head, back of neck and the body are dark rusty-brown; under side is black; bill is pinkish red
Nesting Area Texas to Mexico and south through Central America
Wintering Area South Mexico and into Central America, some are known to stay in south Texas
Nest Site usually in a tree cavity, sometimes on the ground made of grass
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When April to October
Clutch Size 12 t0 16 whitish eggs
Incubation Approximately 25 to 30 days

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Fulvous Whistling Duck
Scientific Name: Dendrocygna bicolor

FULVOUS WHISTLING DUCK

Look For Sexes are quite similar, crown is dark brown continuing down the back of the neck, mantel and wings are brownish-black, bills are black
Nesting Area North America (southwestern United States and Mexico), South America (Panama south to Argentina), Africa (south of the Sahara), and Asia (India and Burma)
Wintering Area North America (southwestern United States and Mexico), South America (Panama south to Argentina), Africa (south of the Sahara), and Asia (India and Burma)
Nest Site aquatic vegetation, sometimes built up 1 meter above ground level
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When June and July, but possibly August in some locals
Clutch Size 12 to 17 ivory-colored eggs
Incubation Approximately 24 to 26 days

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Widgeons

Chiloe Widgeon
Scientific Name: Anas sibilatrix

CHILOE WIDGEON

Look For Male and female are very similar, male has a white forehead with the remainder of the head being black, upper parts are black with white or buff edging, the flanks are orange, the bills are bluish, females have a dull gray patch instead of a white patch
Nesting Area Southern portion of South America
Wintering Area North to Paraguay
Nest Site Depression in the ground hidden by vegetation
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When August to January
Clutch Size 6 to 9 creamy-white eggs
Incubation Approximately 26 days

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European Widgeon
Scientific Name: Anas penelope

EUROPEAN WIDGEON

Look For Male and female different; Male with chestnut head with beige crown, pink breast and gray sides, bill gray; female is brown above and white below, high rounded head and gray bill
Nesting Area Wide spread throughout most of northern Europe and Asia
Wintering Area As far south as north Africa, India, China, and Japan
Nest Site In thick vegetation or under a bush near water
Initial Nest During spring-summer of first year
When Early May, but later in more northern localities
Clutch Size 7 to 10 creamy-buff eggs
Incubation Approximately 23 to 25 days

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Other
Waterfowl Of Chenoa
Links Are:

Shelducks of the World

True Geese of the World:
The Anser Species

True Geese of the World:
The Branta Species

REFERENCES FOR DUCKS

Bellrose. Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books. third edition. 1980.

Cogswell. Water Birds of California. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. 1977.

Earley, Chris G. Waterfowl of Eastern North America. Buffalo: Firefly Books. 2005.

Hagner, Chuck. Guide to Ducks and Geese. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stachpole Books. 2006.

Johnsgard. Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. Lincoln: The University of Nebraska Press. 1978.

Madge, Steve and Burn, Hilary. Waterfowl: An Identification Guide to the Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1988.

Shortt and Cartwright. Know Your Ducks and Geese. Des Moines, Iowa: Sports Afield. 1980.

Shurtleff, Lawtion L. and Savage, Christopher. The Wood Duck and the Mandarin. Los Angles: University of California press, 1996.

Soothill and Whitehead. Wildfowl of the World. Dorset, Great Britain: Blandford Press. 1978.

Todd, Frank S. Handbook of Waterfowl Identification. Vista, California: Ibis Publishing Company, 1997.

Todd, Frank S. Natural History of the Waterfowl. Vista, California: Ibis Publishing Company, 1997.

Todd, Frank S. Waterfowl: Ducks, Geese and Swans of the World. San Diego: Sea World Press, 1979.

Walton, Richard K. North American Waterfowl - National Audubon Society Pocket Guide. New York: Chanticleer Press, Inc., 1994.

Weller, Milton W. The Island Waterfowl. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1980.



Contact Information

Maurice Houston Field
Curator, Chenoa Waterfowl

mfield@charter.net


Waterfowl of Chenoa: The Facility



2008 Maurice Houston Field Links to this site are encouraged and do not require permission in advance of linking, however notification of linking is appreciated.

Copying of the whole or any part of this web site for print or Internet publication is strictly prohibited without advance written permission.



Last Updated
Thursday, 18-Mar-2010 15:29:50 CDT



This page was placed in service initially 12/20/95 on www.utm.edu.