Chenoa Waterfowl
Waterfowl Sustainability through Education,
Accumulation, Propagation, and Dissemination
Waterfowl of Chenoa:
The Facility
Waterfowl Sales
Waterfowl Education
Chenoa Sales and Shipping
Information
Ducks of the World
Chenoa Price and Availability
Duck List
Shelducks of the World
Chenoa Price and Availability
Shelduck List
True Geese of the World:
The Anser Species
Chenoa Price and Availability
True Goose List
True Geese of the World:
The Branta Species
Fowl Ideas for the Aviculturist
Includes Material Lists and Construction Plans

True Geese of the World:
The Branta Species

True Geese belong to the sub family Anserinae. They are colored in blacks, whites, greys, and browns. The sexes are very similar in appearance. Most of the true geese are fairly large birds with only one molt so there is no eclipse phase as is found with ducks. True geese are mainly terrestrial in their feeding habits and have strong bills adapted for grazing. They tend to mate for life and both sexes care for the goslings.

The Branta species are in general the so-called "black" geese. In reality when all of the Branta geese are assembled they are better described as having bolder patterned black or brown with white plumage than those geese classified as Anser species. The bills and legs of all of the Branta species are black. More information can be found from the sources in the reference list at the bottom of this web page.

The True Geese of the World: The Branta Species web page and the companion True Geese of the World: The Anser Species serve as the pictorial and descriptive base for the home page of the International Goose Research Group monitored by Dr. Evan Cooch, Cornell University. Where appropriate, links have been prepared to the pages of the International Goose Research Group to provide access to their bibliographies of recent papers involving the waterfowl included on this web page. Please note that some articles because of the direction chosen will focus on more than one species.

The species/sub species of Branta geese featured on this site were residents of Waterfowl of Chenoa when photographed unless otherwise noted. By clicking on the common name of a Branta goose in the table below you will be taken immediately to the photograph of that Branta goose and to information related to it. To make a leisurely pass through the web page, scroll below the species list to the Barnacle goose to start the excursion.

Goose

Species/Sub Species

Scientific Name

Branta Barnacle Branta leucopsis
Brant, Atlantic Branta bernicla hrota

Brant, Pacific Branta bernicla nigricans

Brant, Russian Branta bernicla bernicla

Cackling Goose, Cackler Branta hutchinsii minima

Cackling Goose, Aleutian Branta hutchinsii leucopareia

CacklingGoose, Richardson's Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii
Canada Goose, Atlantic Branta canadensis canadensis

Canada Goose, Dusky Branta canadensis occidentalis
Canada Goose, Giant Branta canadensis maxima

Canada Goose, Interior Branta canadensis interior

Canada Goose, Lesser Branta canadensis parvipes

Canada Goose, Moffitt's Branta canadensis moffitti

Nene Branta sandvicensis

Red-breasted Branta ruficollis

Barnacle
Scientific Name: Branta leucopsis

BARNACLE

Look For Body dark gray on top, light on bottom, neck is black, cheeks and forehead are white; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Greenland, Spitsbergen, and isles north of Siberia
Wintering Area Northwestern Europe
Nest Site In grass near water and on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of second year at Chenoa
When Late May or June until July in the nesting area, May until June at Chenoa
Clutch Size 4 or 5 eggs (two clutches at Chenoa at 4.0 average)
Incubation Approximately 24 to 25 days
Recent Papers On
Barnacle geese
Branta leucopsis
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Brant: Atlantic
Scientific Name: Branta bernicla hrota

ATLANTIC BRANT

Look For Medium size goose with head, neck, chest and upper backy sooty black, the wings and remainder of the upper parts dark grayish-brown, the underparts are pale silvery gray with some barring
Nesting Area Northeastern Canada, northeastern Greenland, Svalbard, and as far east as Franz Josef Land
Wintering Area Atlantic coast from Massachusetts to South Carolina, most abundant along the coast of New Jersey
Nest Site Slight depression formed in soggy earth, sedges are molded around the scrape
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When June
Clutch Size 3 to 5 eggs
Incubation Approximately 25 days
Recent Papers On
Alantic Brant geese
Branta bernicla hrota
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Brant: Pacific or Black
Scientific Name: Branta bernicla nigricans

PACIFIC BRANT

Look For Medium size goose with head, neck, chest and upper backy sooty black, the wings and remainder of the upper parts dark grayish-brown, lower chest and belly are blackish approximating the color of the upper parts
Nesting Area Yukon-Kuskokwim delta of western Alaska and west to the Taymyr Peninsula
Wintering Area Pacific coast south to California and Mexico
Nest Site Slight depression formed in soggy earth, sedges are molded around the scrape
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When mid-May
Clutch Size 3 to 5 eggs
Incubation Approximately 25 days
Recent Papers On
Pacific Brant geese
Branta bernicla nigricans
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Brant: Russian
Scientific Name: Branta bernicla bernicla

RUSSIAN BRANT
Photograph courtesy P. Kooy & Sons, Noord, Holland

Look For Medium size goose with upper parts dark grayish-brown, dark or mid-gray underparts and flanksare only slightly plaer than the back
Nesting Area Siberia tundra
Wintering Area Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, British Isles, and the north and west coasts of France
Nest Site Slight depression to a large mound of mosses
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When June
Clutch Size 3 to 5 eggs
Incubation Approximately 25 days
Recent Papers On
Russian Brant geese
Branta bernicla bernicla
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Cackling Goose: Cackler
Scientific Name: Branta hutchinsii minima
(Until 2004 Branta canadensis minima)

CACKLER CACKLING GOOSE

Look For Small goose with dark gray breast, black neck and front of head, white cheek patches; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge coastal zone
Wintering Area South to Mexico with most wintering in the Sacramento and San Joaquin Valleys of California
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When April until June in the nesting area and at Chenoa
Clutch Size 4 to 5 eggs (two clutches at Chenoa at 4.0 average)
Incubation Approximately 23 to 24 days
Recent Papers On
Cackler Cackling geese
Branta hutchinsii minima
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Cackling Goose: Aleutian (Delisted from Threatened, 03/20/2001)
Scientific Name: Branta hutchinsii leucopareia
(Until 2004 Branta canadensis leucopareia)

ALEUTIAN CACKLING GOOSE

Look for Small goose with gray breast, black neck and front of head, white cheek patches that don't meet under the throat, and large white neck band; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Buldir, formerly occurred throughout the Aleutian Islands; most of the population today is limited to wildlife refuges
Wintering Area California, near Modesto where they winter primarily on two privately owned ranches and on the adjacent San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When: April until June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 4 to 6 eggs
Incubation Approximately 24 to 28 days
Recent Papers On
Aleutian Cackling geese
Branta hutchinsii leucopareia
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University
More Information
Branta hutchinsii leucopareia
The Road to Recovery for the Aleutian Cackling Goose

Back To Branta List

Cackling Goose: Richardson's (Hutchins')
Scientific Name: Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii
(Until 2004 Branta canadensis hutchinsii)

RICHARDSON'S CACKLING GOOSE
Male Protects As Female Looks On

Look For Small goose with medium gray breast, black neck and front of head, white cheek patches; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Melville Peninsula, Southhampton, Baffin and Ellesmere Islands, Canada and western Greenland
Wintering Area Texas and Mexico
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When April until June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 4 to 6 eggs
Incubation Approximately 24 to 26 days
Recent Papers On
Richardson's Cackling geese
Branta hutchinsii hutchinsii
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Canada Goose: Atlantic
Scientific Name: Branta canadensis canadensis

ATLANTIC CANADA GOOSE

Look For Large goose with medium gray breast, black neck and front of head, white cheek patches; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Eastern Labrador, Newfoundland, Anticosti and Magdalen Islands
Wintering Area East coast of the United States down to North Carolina
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When April until June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 4 to 6 eggs
Incubation Approximately 26 to 28 days
Recent Papers On
Atlantic Canada geese
Branta canadensis canadensis
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Canada Goose: Dusky
Scientific Name: Branta canadensis occidentalis

DUSKY CANADA GOOSE

Look For Medium goose with very dark gray breast, black neck and front of head, white cheek patches; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Prince William Sound, Cook Inlet to Copper River Delta
Wintering Area Oregon
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When April until June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 4 to 6 eggs
Incubation Approximately 26 to 28 days
Recent Papers On
Dusky Canada geese
Branta canadensis occidentalis
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Canada Goose: Giant
Scientific Name: Branta canadensis maxima

GIANT CANADA GOOSE

Look For Large goose with light gray breast, black neck and front of head, white cheek patches and white spot on black of head-front; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Formerly widespread from Manitoba and Minnesota to Arkansas and Tennessee; most of the population today is limited to wildlife refuges
Wintering Area Not Applicable
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When April until June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 4 to 6 eggs
Incubation Approximately 26-28 days
Recent Papers On
Giant Canada geese
Branta canadensis maxima
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Canada Goose: Interior (Todd's)
Scientific Name: Branta canadensis interior

INTERIOR CANADA GOOSE
Male Protects As Female Arranges

Look For Large goose with medium gray breast, black neck and front of head, white cheek patches; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Northern Quebec, Ontario and eastern Manitoba and southern Hudson Bay
Wintering Area Southern Canada south to Florida and Louisiana
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When March until June in the nesting area and at Chenoa
Clutch Size 6 to 8 eggs (two clutches at Chenoa at 7.5 average)
Incubation Approximately 28 days
Recent Papers On
Interior Canada geese
Branta canadensis interior
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Canada Goose: Lesser
Scientific Name: Branta canadensis parvipes

LESSER CANADA GOOSE FEMALE

Look For Medium goose with medium gray breast, black neck and front of head, white cheek patches; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Central Alaska eastward to Hudson Bay, Canada and south to Prairie Provinces
Wintering Area California to Louisiana and Mexico
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When April until June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 4 to 6 eggs
Incubation Approximately 25 to 28 days

Back To Branta List

Canada Goose: Moffitt's (Great Basin or Western)
Scientific Name: Branta canadensis moffitti

MOFFITT'S CANADA GOOSE

Look For Large goose with light gray breast similar to the Giant, black neck is longer and thinner than the Giant, black front of head without white spots, white cheek patches, shorter bill and legs than the Giant; male and female are marked the same
Nesting Area Great Basin of North America or the area between the Rockies and the coastal range of the Pacific states, literally from central British Columbia to central Alberta on the north and southern California and Arizona on the south
Wintering Area Generally the same as the nesting areas as most seem to be only partially migratory, short distances at best
Nest Site In grass near water on a rise; nest guarded by male and female prior to setting, by male after setting begins
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When April until June in the nesting area
Clutch Size 5 to 7 eggs
Incubation Approximately 28 days
Recent Papers On
Moffitt's Canada geese
Branta canadensis moffitti
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

CANADA/CACKLING COLLAGE
Dusky, Cackler (partially hidden),
Richardson's, Interior, Lesser, and Giant

Back To Branta List

Nene or Hawaiian (Endangered)
Scientific Name: Branta sandvicensis

NENE OR HAWAIIAN
Nene Male Protecting Female On Nest

Look For Male and female alike with crown, front of head, throat and long band down back of neck which are black, while body is gray-brown
Nesting Area Main island of Hawaii and Maui where it was reintroduced in 1962
Wintering Area Not Applicable
Nest Site Nests on the ground in the vegetation
Initial Nest During fall-winter of third year, sometimes the second year
When October to February in nesting area
Clutch Size 3 to 6 eggs
Incubation Approximately 30 days
Recent Papers On
Nene geese
Branta sandvicensis
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Red-breasted
Scientific Name: Branta ruficollis

RED-BREASTED

Look For Small black, red, and white goose
Nesting Area Northern Siberia on the Taomyr peninsula
Wintering Area Eastern Romania at the edge of the Black Sea
Nest Site Open areas near cliffs or rock outcrops and always very close to the nest of a raptor
Initial Nest During spring-summer of third year
When Early June
Clutch Size 3 to 8 eggs
Incubation Approximately 25 days
Recent Papers On
Red-breasted geese
Branta ruficollis
International Goose Research Group
Cornell University

Back To Branta List

Please See The Remainder
Of The True Geese:

True Geese of the World:
The Anser Species

Please See The Other
Waterfowl of Chenoa Links:

Ducks of the World

Shelducks of the World

REFERENCES FOR TRUE GEESE

Bellrose. Ducks, Geese, and Swans of North America. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Stackpole Books. third edition. 1980.

Cogswell. Water Birds of California. Berkeley: University of California Press. 1977.

Earley, Chris G. Waterfowl of Eastern North America. Buffalo: Firefly Books. 2005.

Hagner, Chuck. Guide to Ducks and Geese. Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania: Stachpole Books. 2006.

Johnsgard. Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. Lincoln: The University of Nebraska Press. 1978.

Madge, Steve and Burn, Hilary. Waterfowl: An Identification Guide to the Ducks, Geese, and Swans of the World. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company. 1988.

Ogilive. Wild Geese. Vermillion, South Dakota: Buteo Books. 1978.

Shortt and Cartwright. Know Your Ducks and Geese. Des Moines, Iowa: Sports Afield. 1980.

Soothill and Whitehead. Wildfowl of the World. Dorset, Great Britain: Blandford Press. 1978.

Todd, Frank S. Handbook of Waterfowl Identification. Vista, California: Ibis Publishing Company, 1997.

Todd, Frank S. Natural History of the Waterfowl. Vista, California: Ibis Publishing Company, 1997.

Todd, Frank S. Waterfowl: Ducks, Geese and Swans of the World. San Diego: Sea World Press, 1979.

Walton, RichardK. North American Waterfowl - National Audubon Society Pocket Guide. New York: Chanticleer Press, Inc., 1994.

Weller, Milton W. The Island Waterfowl. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press, 1980.



Contact Information

Maurice Houston Field
Curator, Chenoa Waterfowl

mfield@charter.net


Waterfowl of Chenoa: The Facility



2008 Maurice Houston Field Links to this site are encouraged and do not require permission in advance of linking, however notification of linking is appreciated.

Copying of the whole or any part of this web site for print or Internet publication is strictly prohibited without advance written permission.



Last Updated
Thursday, 18-Mar-2010 15:30:00 CDT



This page was placed in service initially 10/28/96 on www.utm.edu.